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HD 20868


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Inaccuracies in the spectral classification of stars from the Tycho-2 Spectral Type Catalogue
We compare the spectroscopic and trigonometric parallaxes of commonstars from the Tycho-2 Spectral Type and Hipparcos Catalogues. Thiscomparison has revealed that the distance estimations for theoverwhelming majority of stars by both methods yield very similarresults. However, there is a small fraction of stars for which thedistance estimates differ significantly. It is these stars that are thesubject of our study. We have been able to find the causes of thesedifferences.

Improved Astrometry and Photometry for the Luyten Catalog. II. Faint Stars and the Revised Catalog
We complete construction of a catalog containing improved astrometry andnew optical/infrared photometry for the vast majority of NLTT starslying in the overlap of regions covered by POSS I and by the secondincremental Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) release, approximately 44%of the sky. The epoch 2000 positions are typically accurate to 130 mas,the proper motions to 5.5 mas yr-1, and the V-J colors to0.25 mag. Relative proper motions of binary components are measured to 3mas yr-1. The false-identification rate is ~1% for11<~V<~18 and substantially less at brighter magnitudes. Theseimprovements permit the construction of a reduced proper-motion diagramthat, for the first time, allows one to classify NLTT stars intomain-sequence (MS) stars, subdwarfs (SDs), and white dwarfs (WDs). We inturn use this diagram to analyze the properties of both our catalog andthe NLTT catalog on which it is based. In sharp contrast to popularbelief, we find that NLTT incompleteness in the plane is almostcompletely concentrated in MS stars, and that SDs and WDs are detectedalmost uniformly over the sky δ>-33deg. Our catalogwill therefore provide a powerful tool to probe these populationsstatistically, as well as to reliably identify individual SDs and WDs.

High proper motion stars with declinations between -30o and -40o, and right ascensions between 00 h and 10 h 40 m
Proper motions, positions, finding charts and magnitudes are given for147 newly discovered stars with proper motions larger than 0.15arcsec/year. They were found in a search for high proper motion starscarried out in thirteen 5o x 5o areas, locatedbetween -30o and -40o in declination, and 00 h and10 h 40 m in right ascension. Their blue photographic magnitudes rangefrom approximately 9.0 to 18.5. Nine objects from the above sample haveproper motions larger than 0.4 (0.404 to 0.550) arcsec/year. The sametype of data is also presented for 149 Luyten Catalogue (LTT, Luyten\cite{Luyten57}) stars re-discovered during the above search. Anestimated precision level between 6 and 22 mas/year was achieved for theproper motions. Tables 2 and 3 are only available in electronic form atthe CDS, via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5), or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/367/725 Figures 4 and 5are only available in electronic form at http://www.edpsciences.org

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Observation and Astrometry data

Constellation:Fornax
Right ascension:03h20m42.69s
Declination:-33°43'48.4"
Apparent magnitude:9.934
Distance:44.504 parsecs
Proper motion RA:293.9
Proper motion Dec:98.4
B-T magnitude:11.39
V-T magnitude:10.055

Catalogs and designations:
Proper Names   (Edit)
HD 1989HD 20868
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 7023-236-1
USNO-A2.0USNO-A2 0525-01130808
HIPHIP 15578

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